Tsang Tai Uk
Address: Located in Sha Tin close to the south of Pok Hong Estate

Tsang Tai Uk (Literally:Big House of the Tsangs"), also known as Shan Ha Wai ("Walled Village at the Mountain's Foot"), is a Hakka walled village in Hong Kong, and one of the best preserved. The complex is located in Sha Tin close to the south of Pok Hong Estate, not far from Lion Rock Tunnel Road.


The construction of Shan Ha Wai was begun in 1848 by the wealthy granite merchant and stonemason Tsang Koon-Man as a stronghold for the Tsang clan, and took around 20 years to complete. The original granite, bricks and solid timber are still preserved today. The complex is rectangular and consists of three rows of houses enclosed by grey brick walls. The four corners each feature a three-story guard tower with openings in the wall through which guns could be fired back in the early days of the complex's role as a defensive fortification. All the houses are interlinked by passages and small courtyards. In the innermost row of houses is an ancestral hall where meetings and ceremonies took place. There are three arched entrances in the northern wall. The main or ceremonial entrance is in the middle and leads to the ancestral hall. In front of the main building is a massive courtyard, where villagers traditionally winnowed and dried their harvest.

Shan Ha Wai gained its current name Tsang Tai Uk from locals when it housed displaced families after the Second World War. Tsang Tai Uk is listed on Hong Kong's Grade I historic buildings as of 6 January 2007[1]. Visitors are permitted in the first courtyard and ancestral hall; the remaining courtyards and buildings are private.

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