The Hanyangling Mausoleum is the joint tomb of Liu Qi, the fourth Emperor of the Western Han Dynasty (206 B.C.-220A.D.) and his Empress, Wang. Empress Wang, mother of the Famous Han WuDi, died in 126 B.C. and was buried in Yangling next to her husband's tomb.
Hanyangling is located at Zhanjiawan Village, in eastern Xianyang City, 22 kilometers from both Xianyang airport and Xi'an. It is said that the whole project completed in 28 years, beginning in 153 B.C. and lasting his life-long until the empress died. It is the most eastern of the nine Western Han imperial mausoleums on the Loess Plateau.
The mausoleum covers an area of more than 10 square kilometers - nearly six kilometers east to west, and up to three kilometers north to south. The tomb is symmetrically constructed as tradition with the sacred road from east to west. The same as all the Emperors' Tombs, there are totally 81 satellite tombs of different sizes. Yang Ling mausoleum, standing at the western end of the sacred road, is about 32 meters high with circumferences of 670 meters and 238 meters at the bottom and top respectively. It looks like a topless pyramid. The tomb of the Empress is on the sideward. In ancient China it was the custom that an Empress, though she held much power, still be buried depart from her husband.
We have unearthed up to 60,000 burial objects that painted nude pottery figurines, utensils, chariots, weapons, and a large number of pottery animals included. Until now, it is the largest human sacrifice graveyard ever found in China. A total of 5,000 sacrificial burial tombs have been verified, and the graveyard covers a total area of 3.5 square km.
It was the first time that Han figurines were modeled as nude bodies painted with hair and skin, fitted with movable wooded arms and hands, and with beautiful clothes worn before being buried. Over centuries, both the clothing and the wooden arms rotted, only left bright colors as they were first painted. The figurines, including cavalrymen, court maids, and servants, are all in 62 centimeters tall. Also they have sex organs, navels and all the functional bodily orifices, what's more, they are different from each other in body expressions. Concerning the animal figurines, including strong and tough cattle, shrewd dogs, glazed cocks and hens, pigs, and sheep all made alive vividly.
A piece of mill stone-shaped stone stands some 300 meters southeast of the mausoleum. As locals call it Luopanshi, while others cognizance it is a time measurement, which makes use of the sundial showing the time for the tomb-keeper to offer sacrifices to the deceased Emperor.